Manuscript submission guidelines
Submission of the manuscript automatically implies that the reported work is not submitted or published elsewhere except in the form of an exclusive abstract, conference presentation, dissertation, thesis or lecture and all the co-authors and their affiliated organizations approve the submission. By submitting the manuscript, the authors grant the license to the publisher to publish and distribute the accepted article while they retain the copyright of the work encompassed. Authors need to ensure that necessary permissions are obtained for the inclusion of the any previously published copyrighted information including images and quotations.
The manuscript files should be submitted to the editorial board through the online submission form or by other means such as an email attachment as suggested by the editorial board member(s). The electronic version of a manuscript should include files that contain all elements of a publishable article (viz., text, tables, images and illustrations) in PDF and DOC formats and the original files of illustrations comply with the technical requirements. While submitting the manuscript via e-mail, the manuscript files and accompanying documents should be compressed in one archive (preferably a ZIP file). All Journals published with us are Open Access and specifically follow the below mentioned publication style. Authors have to submit the content in an editable format in order to facilitate ease of editorial processing and copyediting.
Original full-length research articles:
Research articles present original experimental and observational data collected by following the standard approaches such as surveys, studies based on experimental design, questionnaires, critical observations and group discussions. The total length of the article should not exceed 4000 words, including the main text and figure legends, but excluding the title page, abstract, material & methods section or reference list.
Review articles present the findings based on existing research literature and data and includes a comprehensive and objective overview. The total length of the review article should not exceed 7000 words, including the main text and figure legends.
Case studies specifically present a particular clinical condition under observation including the etiological, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative and management aspects that would help in evolving innovative solutions to address complex situations.
Commentaries are expert opinions on a specific discourse and represent ideological, conceptual or experimental perspectives on various scientific innovations, issues, and challenges in the field of science and technology for overall betterment of humanity. Letters to the Editor: These are opinions and views expressed by the readers comprised of a wide spectrum of audience to bridge the gaps or to enrich particular area under study.
Often during the manuscript preparation, some of the important requirements are missed out that may delay the processing. Therefore, a quick checklist is provided below to ensure the manuscripts are complete:
- Marking of corresponding author to whom communications are forwarded
- Email address or co-author email address
- Figure legends and numbering in text
- Table captions and numbering in text
- Referencing order, in-text citation sequence and matching between text and reference list
- Funding source specifications and acknowledgements, if any
Manuscript preparation guidelines
Manuscripts must possess the following features for consideration and further seamless processing
- The language of the manuscript must be English
- The length of the manuscript should not exceed 30 pages excluding tables, figures, references and appendices (if any). Papers containing more than 30 pages will be asked for re-submission after condensing. Electronic manuscripts for submission must be in A4 size word document typed in double space and in Times New Roman with 12 Points.
Terminology and Units:
Technical terms and abbreviations should be defined for the first time they appear in the text. Units of measurement should follow the SI system. Taxonomic nomenclature- the Latin names and taxonomic authority (e.g. Linnaeus) should be provided for all biological species. All generic and species names should be italicized. Genetic nomenclature- gene symbols should be in italic type, but the protein product of a gene should be in Roman type.
The title page should include (i) First and last name(s) and initial(s) of the author(s), preferably with first names spelled out; (ii) Complete affiliation of each author, including country, city, zip code, and address for correspondence, (iii) Telephone and Fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author; (v) Footnotes to the contribution title; (vi) The author may use acknowledgement section in the title page.
Since proofs are sent to authors only by e-mail, it is recommended that additional backup e-mail addresses be included. If a manuscript has several authors, it is recommended that the e-mail addresses of more than one author be included, and ensure that these emails are checked regularly.
Abstract provides a precise summary of the article and should not exceed 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.
For research articles, abstract should start with some brief BACKGROUND information: a sentence giving a broad introduction to the field comprehensible to the general reader, and then a sentence of more detailed background specific to your study. This should be followed by an explanation of the OBJECTIVES/METHODS and then the RESULTS. The final sentence should outline the main CONCLUSIONS of the study, in terms that will be comprehensible to all our readers.
Four to five key words from the manuscripts needs to be provided for subject classification and indexing purpose. Keyword terms should help readers to locate the article preferably at the top of the search engine.
The manuscript should start with a brief introduction describing the paper’s significance. Heading levels should be clearly identified and each level should be uniquely and consistently formatted and/or numbered. Heading levels should be checked carefully in the page proofs to be sure the hierarchy in the formatted paper matches the manuscript. All tables and figures should be cited in numerical order. References to unpublished materials are not allowed to substantiate significant conclusions of the paper. The manuscript should strictly adhere to the methodological aspects such as literature review, discussion, analysis, conclusion and recommendations, references, acknowledgements, funding bodies, conflict of interest if any, and annexures.
We follow APA style for referencing (www.apastyle.apa.org); citations should be in numerical order in the text, which will be hyperlinked and the same should be reflected in the list of references.
Eg. Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. J. Exp. Biol. 8(3), 207–217.
Perez, C. and Somero, G. N. (2002). Biochemical Adaptation: Mechanism and Process in Physiological Evolution. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Morego, G. (2008). Enzyme function at low temperatures in psychrophiles. In Protein Adaptation in Extremophiles, pp. 35-69. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Johnson, P., van den Brink, S. C., Balayo, T., Turner, D. A. and Martinez Arias, A. (2014). Generation of aggregates of mouse ES cells that show symmetry breaking, polarisation and emergent collective behaviour in vitro. bioRxiv doi:10.1101/005215.
Maven, A. R. (2016). Title of thesis. Ph. D thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Dataset with persistent identifier
Zheng, L.-Y., Guo, X.-S., He, B., Sun, L.-J., Peng, Y. and Dong, S.-S. (2011). Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience Database. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.
'In press' citations must have been accepted for publication and the name of the Journal or publisher included.
Those in the text should be numbered consecutively. Footnotes to the title or authors of the article are marked by asterisks and placed on the title page.
Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should present within the article, not at the end of the article. Tables should have a short descriptive title, should be numbered in Arabic numerals, and cited in the text. Symbols and abbreviations represented in the table should be explained in footnotes, below the table. If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format.
These should be suitable for reproduction, and should clarify or shorten the text. Information provided in figure legends should not be repeated in the text. Figures and graphs should always be mentioned in the text and numbered with Arabic numerals. Preferred file formats include, .tiff and .jpeg
Our preferred file format for equations is MathType. These should be clearly prepared, and annotated if necessary. Primes and dots must be called to the attention of the typesetter. Differentiate legibly between number 1, capital letter I, and lower case letter l. Use fractional exponents instead of root signs and the solidus (/) for fractions wherever their use will save vertical space. Use exp () notation when the exponent is sizable. Units should be defined in the text rather than included in the equation. All equations must be numbered sequentially, on the right-hand side of the column, in parenthetic Arabic numerals.
Data that is essential for interpretation of the results of the main paper should be included in the main paper. Supplementary information provides access to supporting data that do not appear in the printed article or PDF but that accompany the final version of a paper online.
This data is peer reviewed and subject to the same criteria as the data that is to be published in the paper. During peer review, editors and reviewers may ask to assess whether supplementary information is appropriate and essential for supporting the findings of a paper.
Funding agency, acknowledgements, author contributions, competing interests, ethical declarations, approval for animal experiments, approval for human clinical trials, and informed written consent for publication of patient data may be included as applicable.